Textile production involves a long array of processes. The conversion of yarn to finished goods is a magnificent transformation.
Textile finishing is an important milestone where the textile gets the desired properties. Several types of finishing processes take place.
The blog talks about chemical finishing, why is it necessary and what chemicals play a significant role in it?
Chemical finishing treats the fabric (or fiber) so that it attains the desired properties that are impossible by mechanical means. For example, bringing luster and softness to the fabric.
A) Bringing the elasticity in the fabric
Every fabric should have the elasticity of some degree, but it is an important and essential property in material used in making knitwear.
In the textile manufacturing process, silicone-based products are ideal for bringing durable elasticity. The process helps the fabric to retain its shape without any deformation quickly
B) Keeping the crease intact
It is essential for a good-quality fabric to have a crease-resistant finish. Even after washing multiple times, crease and pleats remain unaffected.
C) Enhancing resistance
Chemical processes introduce various qualities in the fabric that make it more useful and versatile. For example, crease resistance keeps the fabric in a proper shape even after multiple washes.
Anti-pilling property keeps the tiny masses of tangled fibers away. Thus, the fabric retains its charm and luster longer.
Reducing the penetration of water is also a desired property in some applications. Chemical processes can make a piece of fabric waterproof.
The objective is to achieve higher levels of waterproofing without compromising the ‘breathability’ (penetration of air) to make the fabric comfortable to wear.
D) Making the fabric mildew and bacteria resistant
Chemicals can increase the anti-mildew properties of fabrics. In the damp and humid areas, the outbreak of mildew is quite common.
Since the growth of mildew causes permanent damage to the fabric, chemical processes are used to make it mildew resistant. Phenol derivatives are used for it.
Similarly, specific processes make the fabric bacteria-resistant by using certain chemicals. These fabrics are used in hospitals or sterile environment.
Special antimicrobial solution is used to protect it from bacterial manifestation. These fabrics are required in the medical sector.
E) Aesthetic qualities
Chemical processing can enhance aesthetic qualities by preventing staining or discoloration.
Thus, chemicals can introduce various useful properties in the fabrics. T=It is the reason they are part and partial of the manufacturing process.
It is important to use good-quality chemicals to achieve great results.
ORA CHEM is the manufacturers and suppliers of textile chemicals and auxiliaries which offers pre-treatment chemicals, dyeing & printing auxiliaries and finishing & sizing formulations to meet with various fabric requirements such as finishing, sizing, dyeing, pre-treatment and printing.